Chios Mills
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
The Island of Chios
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
Beaches
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
Events
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
Attractions
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
 



Genoeses - Maona
  

The church of KrenaWhen the Genoeses conquered the island in 1346, a revival of the cultural and economic life was noticed. The whole island was given to 29 (that later became 12) merchants and ship-owners from Genoa. They established a stock company called Maona, from the Arabian word Maounach (=trading company). The share-holders of the enterprise were called Justinians, from the Justinian palace in Genoa, where the seat of the company was. John Justinianis. a commander,  was one of them. He was the chief of an army corps and fought bravely , helping Constantine Palaeologus during the Siege of Constantinople in 1453.
 
Octagonal dome of the curchThe Justinians governed Chios, appointing a commissioner, commanding 52 military Genuates in the island. During these years (1346-1566), the trade revived and the prosperity came again in the Island. Later on, the Justinians introduced the cultivation of citrus trees and established the silk industry. They constructed a lot of public works and imposed the order. Their administration was cruel, resulting to the total elimination of cultural development, causing also a hatred on the part of the people.