Chios Mills
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
The Island of Chios
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece
Chios Island Travel Guide, Chios Greece

Fortress of Apolihni

Northwest of the village of Armolia lies the fortress of Apolihni, built in 1440 by the Genoese Nicholas Banca Giustiniani. This is verified by the Latin inscription that was on the lintel above the entrance to the fortress which numerous travelers read throughout the years. The inscription is now incorporated into the old village school, on the square north of the cathedral of St. Demetrios and the Virgin of Armolia. Because it had been whitewashed, one can distinguish only the Giustiniani coat-of-arms  an encircled tower on the left, and an encircled cross on the right.

The Fortress is of a trapezoid shape as indicated in a drawing by Arnold Smith. It contains 62 rooms and is enclosed by double ramparts. In addition to its fortified towers, there are also small defense towers on the upper corners. Facing the Great Tower is a cistern in which rain water from the rooftops was gathered, assuring drinking water for the people inside. The travelers Thevenot (1656), Piaceza (1688), and Cornelli (1696) refer to two cisterns, while Arnold Smith has sketched only one. The signal towers located on the shores from Komi to the sea of Lithi communicated with the Fortress.

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Chios Hotels, Apartments and Houses

Chios hotels, Chios apartments, Chios holiday houses

Chios Car Hire

Car Rentals in Chios


Armolia, Pyrgi, Vessa, Elata, Lithi, Olympi, Mesta


Prehistoric Times
Prehistoric Emporio
Ancient Times
Temple of Phanaios Apollo, Temple of Athena at Emporio
Early Christian Times
Phana, Temple of Athena Polias
Medieval Times
Holy Apostles, Virgin Sikelia, Fortress of Apolihni, Pyrgi, Mesta, Olympi, Vessa, Watchtowers
Late Byzantine Times
Churches of Mesta
Post Byzantine and Later Times

Monastery of Zoodochos Pygi, St George Monastery at Pyrgi

Chios Beaches

Komi, Mavra Volia, Vroulidia, Avlonia, Karida, Salagonas, Aghia Dynami, Potamoi, Kato Phana, Apothika, Limenas Meston, Didyma Beach, Merikounta, Aghia Irini, Lithi Beach, Trahilia, Elinda